Saturday, January 02, 2016

Virginia Tech Conspiracy Theory

            Another violent school-related event that I feel I may be connected to is the 2007 Virginia Tech killings by Seung Hui Cho. Like my previous Columbine theory,(1) my Virginia Tech theory comes from my fairly unusual background of being harassed and surveilled probably by Scientology and others beginning in Los Angeles in the late 1980s. I had begun noticing a few possible connections between myself and some unusual events during this period. These connections were based on circumstantial evidence involving similarities between these events and things that were going on in my life, not through any direct participation or first-hand knowledge by me. I subsequently fled Los Angeles and eventually ended up in New York City in 1991 where the harassment and surveillance continued.(2) In New York, these unusual events soon seemed to become much more frequent and violent, especially in the early and mid 1990s.(3,4)
There were a number of similarities between myself and Cho that made me suspect that there might be a connection. First, he and I were both males of Asian descent attending college, though Cho was much younger than me and came to America as a young child from South Korea while I was born in this country and am of Japanese descent. Cho had been an undergraduate English major at Virginia Tech with aspirations to be a creative writer. I was a graduate student in Library Sciences at Queens College in New York City at that time, but had been an undergraduate English major at UCLA in the late 1970s and had written a number of creative writing pieces with similar unfulfilled aspirations. Some of Cho’s writings were said to be alarmingly violent, including sexual violence, though Cho said at least one of these writings, a violent poem about people who killed animals for food, was meant to be satiric.(5) My writings were mostly non-violent and comedic, sometimes satiric, though I had recently re-posted a somewhat violent, but still hopefully comedic, short video on my new YouTube account called Murder Peanuts on February 7, 2007 where a jar of peanuts gets slashed with a knife and pushed off a table. There was also an element of sexual violence with the jar of peanuts labeled “Balls of Protein” in reference to a non-violent song included at the end of the video.(6) I had originally posted it on my website on May 30, 2006,(7) but it had stopped functioning at some unknown point. It got many more views on YouTube with its much larger audience than it did on my website, though still only numbering in the hundreds. There was also an old screenplay and short story collection of mine called Pornovision, a series of short comedy pieces with some elements of violence which satirized different genres of television programs and commercials in a sexual manner.(8) Cho’s sister was also said to be working in Washington D.C. as a contractor for the State Department’s Iraq Reconstruction Management Office.(9,10) At that time I was posting many entries about the war in Iraq and other matters on my blog.(11) Cho and I were also both socially isolated, did not talk much and did not engage in class discussions at our respective schools. Though unlike Cho, I would answer questions when called upon and do oral presentations with no problem.
The most striking similarity was probably Cho’s 2005 encounter with the Virginia Tech police after he had told his roommate that he might as well kill himself since everyone hated him. He told the police this was a joke, but they apparently convinced him to be evaluated by Kathy Godbey, a counselor at the Virginia Tech Police Department,(12) who found Cho to be mentally ill and a danger to himself or others,(13) despite Cho also telling her that his suicide comment was a joke.(14) Godbey’s diagnosis led to Cho being involuntarily detained overnight in a Virginia psychiatric hospital for further evaluation. Jasdeep Miglani, a doctor at the hospital, evaluated Cho and said that Cho had a mood disorder, but did not appear to be serious about killing himself and that his suicide statement was said more out of frustration. He suggested that Cho be treated with outpatient counseling.(15) Roy Crouse, another doctor, found that Cho had a mental illness, but did not present a danger to himself or others.(16) But then, unlike the two doctors, Paul Barnett, the judge at Cho’s commitment hearing, ruled that Cho was, in fact, a danger to himself as a result of mental illness, but that a less restrictive alternative to involuntary hospitalization and treatment was a suitable solution and Cho was released after spending one night in the hospital on an involuntary basis.(17)
On March 1, 2007, about a month and a half before the Virginia Tech killings, I had been detained by several officers from the New York City Police Department (NYPD) while on my way to class at Queens College, initially on the charge of taking pictures of one or two NYPD police cars and an NYPD Traffic Enforcement car in a public setting. Students in one of Cho’s classes and one of his roommates had also complained that he was taking pictures of them,(18) but this was not related to his involuntary commitment police encounter like it was with mine.(19) In my case, an FDNY (Fire Department of the City of New York) ambulance was apparently called by the police and an extremely coercive attempt was made by the two FDNY Emergency Medical Technician-like people (EMT) and the police officers to have me go to a hospital with the EMT-likes and talk to a doctor for a psychological evaluation. The initial involuntary detainment based on the alleged crime of taking pictures of police and traffic enforcement vehicles in a public space had turned into an involuntary detainment based on the allegation of my being a danger to myself or others, apparently because as one officer had put it, things I had done or told them were not “normal.”
But I had never said I wanted to harm myself like Cho had apparently said. Neither had I said that I wanted to harm others. I had told the officers that I took pictures of the police because I felt they were following me around and that they were possibly following me around because of my theory involving Scientology and events like plane crashes that seemed to occur because of me. This may have added to their saying I was not “normal” in regards to suggestions of mental illness. But the officer who first questioned me had asked if I had any “mental problems” after I told him that I was writing about the NYPD vehicles in my journal because I felt they were following me around. This was before I had told him and the other officers about my events theory, so my telling them about my theory wasn’t necessarily what caused at least this first officer to allege that I had mental problems. Though after I had told the officers a little about my theory, one of the other officers had said my taking pictures of people who I believed might be surveilling me was not normal after I had asked him if it was illegal. But he did not explicitly link it with my theory or mental illness nor did he say that it was illegal.
Some of the officers also frisked me, went through my pockets and seized my identification without first requesting it, seized, read and made photocopies of my journal without my consent, and seized my video camera and looked through pictures in my camera without my consent.  I made an audio recording of the encounter which I’ve posted on my blog along with a transcript and commentary.(20,21)
There is one potential problem connecting my March 1 encounter with the April 16 Virginia Tech killings, however, since on February 2, 2007, about a month prior to my encounter, Cho is reported to have purchased the first of two guns, a Walther P22 handgun from an online company called TGSCOM. He was also said to have picked up the handgun on February 9 from J-N-D Pawnbrokers.(22) [Two early reports said that Cho had only bought the Walther a week before the shootings,(23) but all subsequent reports that I’ve seen, including the official report by the Virginia Tech Review Panel, give the February dates.(24)] So assuming that the February dates are correct, this would be contrary to the idea that Cho was set in motion by my March 1 encounter since February comes before March.
An alternative possibility is that Cho was being monitored by people connected to my conspiracy situation, given his various similarities to me and his generally vulnerable position, for purposes of possible future action, then after he had bought the first gun, my similar police encounter was arranged to occur in order to provide another, more substantial, similarity between me and Cho to go along with the other similarities. Cho was certainly on the Virginia Tech police’s radar since at least 2005 because of the attempted involuntary commitment of Cho and other incidents. He was also on the radar of other interested people surrounding him in his college classes and in his campus residences.(25) In 1999 while attending middle school, Cho had also been evaluated by a psychiatrist and treated by psychiatric interns from a local hospital as a result of a paper he had written for a class shortly after the Columbine killings that expressed generalized thoughts of suicide and homicide and a desire to repeat what had happened at Columbine.(26) So if psychiatrists are connected to my situation or if Cho’s school had told law enforcement people about Cho’s paper, Cho’s possibly being on the radar of conspiracy-related people may have come even sooner. In this alternate possibility, Cho possibly being on these people’s radar would be going from me to Cho, however, since my conspiracy-related situation would have pre-dated Cho’s buying of the Walther in February 2007 or his 2005 and 1999 police and/or psychiatry-related incidents. And since the killings themselves and all of Cho’s actions subsequent to his buying and receiving of the Walther did not occur until after my March 1 encounter,(27) perhaps my encounter was a factor in the actual carrying out of the April 16 killings.
If my March 1 police encounter was a factor, I feel that it may have had to have had a large enough degree of injustice or other negativity done towards me in order to help justify such a violent reaction. (Though my having brought up my theory to the police and their seeming to formally take a position of disbelief against it may have been a factor also. A way to counter this position of disbelief might be to create another one of these violent reactions as had occurred in my theory. I had told them that these reactions seemed to sometimes occur in reaction to my complaining about my situation in the past, so to then have a similar violent reaction in the form of the Virginia Tech killings occur after I had complained about my situation to them during our March 1 encounter might make some of them or some of those connected to them open to the possibility that there might have been something to my theory. Though I hadn't told them about the personal similarities part of my theory, if they had read my 38-page letter - which they may have since it was on the internet and since I had given a copy to the NYPD in the past also - then the similarities between Cho and me such as those discussed above might have made an even further impression.)  But returning to the degree of injustice or other negativity factor, I feel that my March 1 encounter had enough of this type of injustice or negativity to qualify as this type of factor. First, I believe that involuntarily committing someone in a mental institution, even for a brief period of time, is a very serious matter. In New York State, police officers are allowed to initiate involuntary commitment proceedings for psychological evaluation against qualified persons under the emergency commitment category of New York State’s Mental Hygiene Law § 9.41.(28) This section does not say how long a person may be involuntarily held in a hospital under an emergency commitment, though § 9.39 which covers emergency commitments ___§ 9.39 of the Mental Hygiene Law, which § 9.41 seems to fall under,(29) says that a person who appears to be mentally ill and a danger to self or others can be involuntarily held in a hospital for up to 48 hours for the initial examination by a staff physician and be kept longer if the physician’s initial positive diagnosis is confirmed by a staff psychiatrist, but it doesn’t say for how much longer. Section 9.39 does, however, say that a person can be involuntarily held in the hospital for up to fifteen days, so perhaps this is the maximum amount of time for involuntary commitment if the staff psychiatrist confirms the initial diagnosis of the staff physician. And the person does not even have to be found to be mentally ill to be held for this amount of time. A lower finding of a “reasonable cause to believe that the person” meets the standard is sufficient. A person can also be involuntarily held longer than fifteen days if _____________________________________________provisions governing involuntary admissions are subsequently satisfied.(30) So what the police officers and EMT-likes were attempting to do to me on March 1 had serious potential consequences regarding my personal freedom.
The attempt to have me evaluated for involuntary commitment also had potentially serious consequences in regard to the public record concerning the alleged state of my mental health, including the potentially negative effects on the credibility of my allegations and theory if one or more of the doctors or mental health professionals had formally diagnosed me as having some sort of mental illness. If this had occurred, then my allegations and theory could have possibly been dismissed as the delusions of someone suffering from mental illness rather than the result of reasoned theorizing merely by pointing to my prior mental illness diagnosis. And even to have reached a point of being judged by the police and possibly by the EMT-likes as a person in need of such a psychological evaluation to the point of using their official police powers to try and have me submit to such an evaluation may have had a negative influence on the credibility of my allegations and theory.
I also feel that the police had no legitimate reason for trying to have me psychologically evaluated in the first place. The admission standard for an emergency commitment proceeding initiated by the police according to Mental Hygiene Law § 9.41, however, is “any person who appears to be mentally ill and is conducting himself or herself in a manner which is likely to result in serious harm to the person or others.”(31) The officers seemed to be basing their involuntarily detaining me for psychological evaluation on the belief that since they considered things I had said or done were not “normal,” I was therefore a danger to myself or others and therefore could be involuntarily detained for psychological evaluation for possible involuntary commitment. But I believe that this apparently attempted connection between doing or saying something considered not normal and being a danger or possible danger is not a valid connection. If I had done or said something that they claimed was not normal and that they also had reasonably claimed was also indicative of violence or possible violence, then the connection between the two could probably be made, but they had never offered any evidence or statements that anything I had done or said was indicative of such violence or that a reasonable person would believe was indicative of possible violence. The only crime I had been accused of was taking pictures or videos of police and traffic enforcement vehicles which I don’t believe is in itself indicative of violence or possible violence. I was also criticized for writing things in my journal about the police, but again, I feel this is a non-violent act. They could claim that my belief that I was being followed around by the police and others or that my conspiracy theory were not normal, but I believe that these things, in themselves, did not offer any evidence or indications that I was violent or possibly violent. _____________________________________________
In past court cases under § 9.41, the police attempted to have people involuntarily committed only after conditions including the part about serious harm seemed reasonably satisfied. In Gonzalez v. State of New York (1985) the person was found sleeping on the subway tracks.(32) In Higgins v. City of Oneonta (1994) the person was said to have made verbal threats of violence against the police and public officials.(33) In People v. Yaniak (2001) the person was alleged to have repeatedly said, "I'm dead, whose dead, your dead?"(34) In Schaller v. County of Suffolk (2008) the person is said to have verbally threatened another person and lunged at that person with a screwdriver.(35,36) But I had not made any similar threats or statements or committed any similar violent actions, so I believe that the police had no valid reason for detaining me in order to have me evaluated for possible involuntarily commitment under § 9.41.
One of the officers had also asked me if I heard voices. In a letter explaining my situation and theory that I had sent to many people and organizations in 1994 and posted on my website in 2004 I had said that I had sometimes heard voices in my head in the past. They mostly laughed or grumbled, but once while I was living in Los Angeles I thought I had heard a female voice in my head say “don’t do it” when I was thinking about calling the FBI concerning the harassment and surveillance. The voices did not urge me to harm myself or others, however,(37) so again, I believe this would not be something that would satisfy the harm standard of § 9.41. Perhaps someone could use it to say that I was mentally ill (though I would dispute that), but I don’t believe it is enough in itself to have me involuntarily committed or evaluated because of its failure to meet the harm standard. I denied hearing voices to the officer on March 1, however, not wanting to go into that since they seemed to be going out of their way to have me involuntarily committed or at least formally diagnosed as having a mental illness. I had not told the officers about the voices or about my letter, but they or someone else may have read it on their own, either at that time or at a prior time, without telling me.
I also don’t believe that taking pictures of the police or others if I believed that they were following me around is not “normal” as one or more of the officers had alleged. In fact, a 2002 manual sponsored through a grant from an office of the U.S. Department of Justice recommends that for evidentiary purposes, stalking victims tape record any phone messages from their stalkers and keep a journal or diary of any encounters with the stalker and that the police themselves take video and photos of the stalker.(38) One of the officers had also criticized me for writing down the identification numbers of his police car and of the traffic enforcement vehicle in my journal. I believe that this writing down would fall within the category of keeping a journal of any encounters in the 2002 anti-stalking manual. The manual also suggests saving all evidence of stalking-related incidents, even if it seems insignificant.(39) This might cover my general recording of such a wide range of incidents and people that I associated with possibly being connected to my situation of mass surveillance and harassment.
One of the officers had also said that the police do similar things to my picture-taking like writing things down, but that the police did it because it was their job. This seemed to imply that if I did a similar thing, it was not normal because I did not have a formal job whose duties included the recording of such evidence. But I feel that this distinction is a mere technicality and that since the police and I engaged in similar acts under similar situations, this should suggest the normality of my actions, given the circumstances, not the abnormality, and certainly not the abnormality indicative of mental illness.
As I said above, one of the initial officers had also asked me if I had mental problems after I said I wrote down the movements of the police in my journal because I felt they were following me around. But the police are known to conduct surveillance on people and if I had a history of the police frequently seeming to be where I was, then a belief that I might be the target of such surveillance by such people does not seem like such an unreasonable idea, especially given my years-long conspiracy-like situation which includes a number of incidents that seemed to involve the police. 
I also feel that my initial detainment by the police was not justified. Officers must first have a reasonable suspicion that the person they are detaining has committed, is committing or is about to commit a crime based on specific facts in order to detain a person. This standard has been in existence for decades with the U. S. Supreme Court’s Terry v. Ohio decision in 1968 (40) and further explored in New York by its state courts in 1976 with People v. De Bour.(41) Past cases and also a statement by the NYPD itself seem to indicate that photographing the police in public places is not a crime, so the crime standard of Terry and De Bour justifying detainment would not have been satisfied in my encounter. In 1984, then NYPD Commissioner Benjamin Ward issued an order stating that officers were not to interfere with photojournalists who were recording public incidents in a case involving a photojournalist who had been denied access to a crash scene by two officers and that harassment of such photography was censorship which was _____________________________________________not a function of the NYPD. The order was said to merely formalize and amplify an already existing informal NYPD guideline. It did not, however, address the issue of photography by members of the public.(42) In Smith v. City of Cumming, a 2000 federal appellate case involving videotaping of the police by a member of the public, it was ruled that the First Amendment protected the right of the public to gather information about what public officials do on public property, specifically, a right to record matters of public interest.(43) In Robinson v. Fetterman, a 2005 federal district court case, it was further ruled that Robinson, another member of the public, need not assert any particular reason for the videotaping of state troopers since the activities of the police were subject to public scrutiny under the First Amendment.(44) not assert any  a member of the public, need  
Some states have wiretap laws that the police sometimes try and use to restrict the video or audio recording of police by the public,(45) but New York is not one of these states. In 2004, two security guards from the Iranian mission at the United Nations were questioned by the police about taking pictures and video of New York City landmarks. But as guards at the Iranian mission, they were working for the Iranian government and since Iran had been known as a state sponsor of terrorism at that time,(46) they would appear to be a better target for suspicion than me. The guards were also not questioned about taking pictures of police or traffic enforcement vehicles like I was. There’s also a federal law (18 U.S.C. § 793) which makes it illegal to photograph subjects that could knowingly cause harm to the national defense such as aircraft, naval yards or codebooks,(47) but I was not accused of taking any such photos or videos.
The officers in my March 1 encounter also never formally charged me with the alleged crime of taking pictures of police vehicles in a public setting despite one or two of the officers’ initial assertions that it was a crime which further leads me to believe that such photography was not a crime. My journal also said that the initial officers had cited the Patriot Act as saying that people could not take pictures of the police. But I subsequently looked through the Patriot Act and could find no such prohibition. So since the photographing of the police in a public space by members of the public does not seem to be illegal, at least according to the cases, Commissioner Ward’s statement and my not having been formally charged with the alleged crime, my detainment does not appear to have been justified under the crime standard of Terry and De Bour.
In addition to the possible lack of a legal justification that taking pictures of the police or vehicles is illegal, I also feel there was no reasonable justification for frisking me for weapons. My journal says that I had reached into my t-shirt pocket to try and record our conversation and then the officers had me put my hands against the wall and they proceeded to frisk my jacket pockets and lining. According to Terry, the police must base the search of a person for weapons on a reasonable suspicion.(48) But there were no weapon-like bulges in my t-shirt or jacket pockets. There was nothing in my jacket pockets at all, I believe. And neither did I pull any weapon-like objects or anything else from my pockets, only attempting to turn on my audio recorder in my t-shirt pocket while it was still out of sight in my t-shirt pocket. My t-shirt pocket would also be too small to hold a gun and would seem an unlikely choice for storage of a knife or other weapon given its small and flimsy nature. We were also on a safe, middle class, commercial-residential sidewalk in the middle of the day which would seem to lessen the chances of being the type of situation where someone might reasonably be thought to be carrying a weapon. I was also not acting in a violent or hostile manner and the police had never accused me of acting in such a way. Nor did they ever accuse me of committing a violent crime, only of taking pictures of them or their vehicles. So I feel that justification for frisking me for weapons did not exist.
I believe that the officers searching my pockets for identification without my consent was unjustified also. This is not to say that the police are not allowed to request identification from people. According to Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial Dist. Court of Nev., Humboldt Cty., a 2004 U.S. Supreme Court case, the police are allowed to ask people for identification,(49) but in my encounter, the officers had not asked me for my identification. One officer had merely asked where my identification was located and I told him that it was in my pants pocket. He then told me not to reach for it and he and the other officer then proceeded to go through the contents in my front left and right pants pockets as I continued to hold my hands up against a wall as previously instructed by one of the officers. I had not refused to show them my identification. The event that preceded this was my saying that the reason I had written down the identification numbers of the officers’ police car and the traffic enforcement vehicle was because the police were following me around. The officers had also previously frisked me, presumably for weapons and found nothing, so there would seem to be no reason that I could not have reached into my pocket myself to retrieve my identification. In People v. Packer, a 2008 New York State appellate case, after the police had found a small knife on a suspect as a result of an illegal search of the suspect’s pockets, the court still ruled that the suspect must give voluntary consent before the police were allowed to search his backpack for identification.(50,51) So since I had not given voluntary consent in a situation where no weapons at all had been found, it would seem that the officers searching through my pockets would also be unjustified under Packer.
I believe that the officers seizing, reading and photocopying my journal was unjustified also. For a legitimate warrantless search and seizure, even in the more extreme case of being incident to an arrest which my encounter was not, an accepted justification seems to be the prevention of the destruction of evidence of a crime as in Preston v. United States, a 1964 U.S. Supreme Court case.(52) My journal was not evidence of a crime. The only crime I was accused of was taking pictures of the NYPD police and traffic enforcement vehicles in a public setting and my journal was not evidence of that. One of the officers had criticized me for writing down the identification numbers of the police and traffic enforcement vehicles in my journal, but he never said that such writing was a crime. In a general sense, a person’s personal property cannot be searched or seized by the police in hopes of finding evidence of some unspecified crime as I believe may have been the motive behind the officer’s seizure, reading and photocopying of my journal, unless their motive was just general harassment. Dunaway v. New York, a 1979 U.S. Supreme Court case, citing Brown v. Illinois, said that the police arresting and questioning a suspect without probable cause in the hope that some incriminating evidence might turn up was a violation of the Fourth Amendment.(53) Katz v. United States, a 1967 U.S. Supreme Court case, recognized that it is legal for the government to collect narrowly circumscribed evidence of a specific criminal offense after receiving consent from a duly authorizing magistrate.(54) But in the seizure, reading and photocopying of my journal, the officer had neither the narrowly circumscribed evidence of a specific crime nor the consent from a duly authorizing magistrate, so I feel that these actions were unjustified.
I do not believe that the seizure of my video camera was justified under the warrantless search and seizure exception of the prevention of the destruction of evidence of a crime either since it was neither incident to an arrest (55) nor do I believe that taking pictures or video of police or traffic enforcement vehicles in a public space is a crime as I’ve said before.(56) But even if it was a crime, the officers were not even allowing me to reach into my pocket to show them my identification, so there was little chance of my video camera or its contents being destroyed or removed by me. Also, Schmerber v. California, a 1966 U.S. Supreme Court case, says that a requirement for such a warrantless search and seizure is that there is a danger that the alleged evidence will be destroyed or removed unless immediate action is taken by the police.(57) But there was no sense of urgency or immediacy about my video camera or its contents by the officers when they first approached me. They spent most of their time having me read my journal to them, going through my pockets, going to the copy shop to copy my journal, asking me questions, talking amongst themselves or answering my questions. It wasn’t until around 20 minutes had passed and the second two officers came and I told one of them that my video camera was in my fanny pack in answer to his question that I believe the officers took my video camera from me and started looking through its contents. In fact, the initial officers had not even mentioned my camera or my taking pictures of their vehicles until after I had asked if I had done anything illegal. I had not asked them this until after they had frisked me, went through my pockets for my identification and had me read from my journal. So the requirement of the fear of immediate destruction or removal of evidence did not appear to be there. And further, I can see no connection between the officers seizing my video camera to possibly prevent destruction or removal of evidence and their looking through the pictures in my camera after the seizure had occurred. I can see no way that officers looking through the contents of a seized camera would help in the prevention of its destruction or removal. In fact, the motivation for the seizure of and looking through the pictures in my video camera seems to have been to look through its contents rather than to try and prevent its destruction or removal by me.
Also, I had told the officers repeatedly that the reason I had taken pictures of and written down information about the police was because I believed that the police were following me around. So since from my perspective, my journal and video camera contained evidence of misdeeds by the police against me, it would seem that the police themselves would have a motive to destroy or remove this evidence since my journal and video camera contained possibly incriminating evidence against the police themselves. And yet through their actions, they took sole possession of the only copy of this evidence and were now in a position to destroy or remove it if they chose to do so. In Skoog v. County of Clackamas, a 2006 federal circuit court case, the police agreed to let Skoog, a member of the public, make a copy of a recording he had made of them instead of the police taking possession of the recording at the time of the initial incident. The police said that Skoog had violated an Oregon state law prohibiting the electronic recording of oral communications of people without their consent.(58) The police only seized Skoog’s original recording after the copy he had given them had not included the part involving the alleged illegal recording.(59) So in Skoog, at least, it seems to be suggested that a member of the public making a copy of the recording in question is an acceptable alternative to the immediate seizure of the original recording by the police. This alternative was not offered to me in my encounter. The police also had to get a warrant in Skoog in order for the subsequent seizing to take place,(60) suggesting that warrants are necessary in a case similar to my encounter. No warrants had been issued in the seizing of my journal or video camera, however.
My Cho theory – and my general theory – might seem to require some sort of intelligence agency-like activity in order to do things like gathering the necessary information or setting things in motion, unless there is some sort of supernatural power involved which I won’t go into. One possible connection to intelligence agency-like activity, given the history of my conspiracy-like situation, could be Scientology which has a history of this sort of activity,(61) though I could see no prior connections between Cho and Scientology. Scientology did send some of its ministers to Virginia Tech after the shootings to offer grief counseling and its anti-psychiatry component raised the possibility of psychotropic drugs contributing to the shootings,(62) but other than these two events, which were not unusual in themselves, I could see no connection between the two.(63)
Scientology also seems to have connections with some police personnel and entities, mostly through its various social and charitable programs. But these connections seem to occur mostly in areas where Scientology has a formal presence (64) and I don’t believe there are any Scientology churches or missions in the state of Virginia. There is a church in Washington D.C.(65) and some apparent police connections there,(66) but the D.C. police seems to be a largely local organization with no apparent formal connections to Virginia Tech, Blacksburg or to Cho’s hometown of Centerville.(67) I’ve also seen no reports of any Scientology connections in those three Virginia locations outside of the general activity that occurred after the Virginia Tech killings that was discussed above.
Alternatively, there were some possible non-Scientology intelligence agency-like connections to Cho. One was the Virginia Tech Police Department (VTPD). In December 2006, Wendell Flinchum was named the new head of the VTPD after serving as interim chief since July. He was a 21-year veteran of the VTPD and had graduated from the FBI National Academy (Section 222) in 2005.(68) The FBI National Academy is for the development of law enforcement leaders and is by invitation only. Developing partnerships with other agencies is included in the Academy’s mission (69) and intelligence issues are included in its curricula.(70) And the FBI itself says that its entire organization is an intelligence-driven agency.(71) The FBI also has an extensive national (72) and international (73) presence. Among Flinchum’s previous duties at the VTPD was serving as liaison to federal, state and local agencies.(74) So through Flinchum, the VTPD had a good FBI connection as well as connections to other nationwide government agencies. Capt. Flinchum’s predecessor was another FBI National Academy graduate, Debra Duncan, who had served as VTPD chief since 2001,(75) making the FBI connection even stronger. The VTPD’s History web page also said that from 1974 to 1976, three Virginia Tech police officers had attended the FBI National Academy,(76) so apparently the VTPD has a history of at least some of its officers having this common FBI academic connection. From the FBI side, the FBI has an Office of Law Enforcement Coordination which develops relationships with state, local and campus law enforcement agencies as well as others.(77)
There are also a number of national and regional online information sharing networks through which the Virginia Tech Police Department might have been able to acquire and disseminate information such as Law Enforcement Online (78) and the National Law Enforcement Telecommunication System.(79) In 2006, there were also around 40 state counterterrorism “fusion centers,” including in Virginia, through which the VTPD might have been able to give and receive conspiracy-related information. These centers combined federal, state and local information-gathering and analysis, but were of varying quality. Their information included raw data provided by local police, fire and _raw data provided by local police, fire, and public health officers as well as information from civilians who called in to report “suspicious activity.”(80,81)
Another possible connection to intelligence-like activity was Cho’s sister, Sun-Kyung Cho who at the time of the killings was reported to be working for McNeil Technologies, a State Department contractor involved in the U.S. government’s Iraq reconstruction management projects.(82) In a press release by DynCorp, one of McNeil’s business partners, McNeil was said to have a strong presence in the Department of Defense and the intelligence community and that around 88% of its employees possessed security clearances.(83) McNeil, based in Springfield, Virginia, had also been acquired by New York City-based Veritas (84) which gave it a New York connection.
A more general possibility comes from Cho being largely raised in the Centreville, Virginia area. Prior to attending Virginia Tech, Cho had lived with his family in Fairfax County, Virginia, where Centreville is located, since 1993 (85) and in Centreville itself since at least 1997 when they bought a townhouse there.(86) Fairfax County is to the immediate west of Washington D.C. (87) and Centreville is about 20 miles away from Washington.(88) Many of the nation’s intelligence agencies such as the CIA,(89) FBI (90) and the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) (91) have their headquarters either in or near Washington. A 2001 Forbes article also included Centreville in a 20 mile area west of Washington D.C. that it called “Spook Valley” for the 2,000 secretive tech companies located there which were created to protect government information assets from cyberattacks and which employed many former intelligence agency workers.(92)
Cho’s apparent aptitude for math and science at Westfield High School in nearby Chantilly, Virginia (93) is a way in which Cho could have been noticed by people connected to this high-tech Spook Valley sector, having the type of aptitude that people in their sector might be interested in. Another possible intelligence connection is Northrop Grumann. In a 2004 Northrop Grumann press release, the president of Northrop’s Information Technology business unit said that they would continue their partnership with Westfield High School and others through the provision of scholarships and other educational support. Northrop’s Information Technology division is involved in homeland security, geospatial intelligence solutions and other areas.(94) A 2014 webpage on the Fairfax County Public Schools profile of Westfield also lists business partnerships with the National Reconnaissance Office which is in charge of the nation’s intelligence satellites (95) and the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Center.(96) It does not say when those two partnerships began,(97) but if they existed when Cho was still a student at Westfield, that would be two more possible military or intelligence connections for Cho. The military would be another possible source of intelligence-like activity with its intelligence components like the DIA.
It’s also possible that intelligence agencies may have had a continuing interest in Virginia Tech due to a 2003 Virginia jihad terrorism case which the FBI had investigated and whose participants included two former Virginia Tech students and the brother of a third former student.(98,99) Virginia Tech also had a military connection through its Corp of Cadets (100) and ROTC (101) programs. In 2003, Virginia Tech was also named as one of twelve Virginia colleges to be included in the newly formed Virginia Institute for Defense and Homeland Security which would study homeland security in support of the federal government”(102) and in 2006, Virginia Tech became involved with other universities and defense contractors to develop a secure wireless communication network for the military.(103)
But returning to my personal story, unlike my Columbine theory, I was not experiencing a high number of negative events in my life during this time outside of my March 1, 2007 encounter with the police and the usual stalking and manipulation activities. The biggest thing was probably my internet postings. While I don’t consider those negative events, maybe others did. They included my recent re-posting of my Murder Peanuts video on February 7, 2007 as discussed above (104) and my commenting on events in Iraq and other topics on my blog. I was also having some problems with my internet connection during this time if that’s relevant.
One of my blog posts was a rather lengthy January 20, 2007 posting on the killing in Iraq of American aid worker Andrea Parhamovich (105) which was getting many more views than my previous postings had received, though still only numbering in the hundreds. The posting included a reference to her having been raised in Perry, Ohio whose malfunctioning FirstEnergy nuclear power plant was said to have played a major role as the cause of the 2003 blackout that affected much of the Northeastern United States, including New York. Perry’s power plant was also one of seven in the U.S. that had been tripped off because of the blackout, four of the remaining six were located in New York State.(106) America’s power grid and its nuclear power plants are considered by the government to be part of the nation’s critical infrastructure and a target for terrorists. Its protection is overseen by the Secretary of Homeland Security with involvement from the nation’s Intelligence community and other government agencies,(107) so here is a possible intelligence connection for Parhamovich, though I could find no reports of her having any connections to the power plant other than having Perry as her hometown.
For similarities between the two of us, Parhamovich had a degree in advertising and public relations.(108) I had studied art and advertising design at a previous college, but hadn’t quite gotten the degree. Her degree resulted in jobs in her chosen field, however, while my near-degree did not. She also worked in New York City for a couple of years for Miramax (109) and Air America Radio (110) and lived in the Upper West Side section of Manhattan on Central Park West before moving on to her job in Iraq. (111) I lived on the Upper West Side also, but she seemed to live much further south than me.
When Parhamovich had worked briefly for Miramax in 2003, she was reported to have been involved in the public relations campaign for the film Cold Mountain, including working with its actors, though the specific actors she worked with was not mentioned in the article I read.(112) Nicole Kidman was one of the stars of that film, however.(113) She had been married to Scientologist Tom Cruise for nearly ten years, but they had divorced two years earlier.(114) Scientologist Giovanni Ribisi had also appeared in the film in a supporting role.(115) Parhamovich was also apparently interested in the mystical areas of spirituality with such things as “magic stones,” a Boston psychic she occasionally consulted, and a hope of getting the job in Iraq with the National Defense Institute (NDI) with the help of angels, God and the universe.(116,117) Scientology’s general philosophy also includes an interest in mysticism with a belief in past lives or reincarnation (118) and a belief in the concept of the “Operating Thetan” where a person who reaches this level of development is said to be able to exist outside of their physical body and through their will can control matter, energy, space and time. (119) But outside of her work on Cold Mountain, I could find no indication that Parhamovich was connected to Scientology.
She also liked conspiracies (120) and interestingly, had made a new friend named Anne at her new NDI job who had a number of similarities to Parhamovich with similar first names (Anne, Andrea), the same blonde hair, Midwestern background, interest in mystical spirituality and the same dating of a reporter.(121) I’d also briefly come across a few people in my own life with similarities to me or to people I’ve known since around the time my conspiracy situation seemed to begin. They may have been placed there to try and influence me, though I never got to know them (or much anyone else for that matter) so there was little danger of this occurring outside of their presence which may have been the point in my case. Influence may have been the purpose of Andrea meeting Anne at NDI, however, or it could have just been coincidence.
Parhamovich had also died under somewhat mysterious conditions. When her fiancé, Newsweek reporter Michael Hastings, was accompanying her body back to America, he had asked a Col. Franks if he could see her body, but was told he could not. Parhamovich was said to have died in a car fire set off by insurgents apparently interested in kidnapping her. Col. Franks had told Hastings in answer to his request that “there is no body. She is not what you think. What is left is not recognizable as man or woman. It is ugly. It is not her. Trust me, you don’t want to see.”(122) So I also wonder if the real Andrea Parhamovich had been the one who had died in that fire. Adding to the mystery, Michael Hastings himself was killed in a car crash in Los Angeles in 2013.(123) Hastings had attended a Catholic school while growing up (124) and had a brother Jeff who was a U.S. Army Ranger in Iraq. Some Rangers are engaged in intelligence work,(125) but it was not said what kind of work Hastings’ brother did. Hastings had been living in New York City since 2000 when he had moved there to finish college and continued living there when he started working for New York-based Newsweek a couple of years later.(126) I’m not sure why Andrea Parhamovich’s death would be connected to the Virginia Tech killings, however, if it played a role, outside of the similarities between the two of us.
But whatever the possibilities of Parhamovich’s apparent death, in my personal life I had been looking into possibly switching majors from Library Science to History or English around this time. Perhaps some people did not look favorably on that happening, preferring me to try and start working instead of continuing in college. In 2004-2005, Cho had switched majors while at Virginia Tech from Business Information Systems to English.(127) Also, in one of my Library Sciences classes that semester which had begun on February 1, there was also an African-American male student who said he was in law enforcement. And there was a blind Caucasian female student (Melissa?) who was in one of my classes that semester and in two of my classes the previous semester. I would sometimes wonder whether her guide dog was a bomb-sniffing dog since it would sometimes sniff my bag as it passed me in class. If true, she would be another law enforcement connection. I don’t know if this one and possibly two law enforcement people were related to my subsequent March 1 police encounter, but there they were. One day early in the previous semester, the blind student was also talking with one of the other students about Virginia or West Virginia which could be a possible Virginia Tech connection if she had a connection to Virginia.   
On March 1, 2007, after writing down what had happened during my police-FDNY encounter, I exited the Queens College library and there was a Queens College security vehicle parked in front of the library. So it was as if the campus police was aware of my police-FDNY encounter a few hours earlier and were making an allusion to it with the presence of their vehicle. Or the NYPD had contacted them about the encounter and told them I was a danger to myself or others, so the Queens College police were symbolically letting me know by their action that they were keeping a close watch on me. I had had previous incidents where it appeared that the campus police may have been surveilling me, but it had not occurred for awhile. Then the following week, on March 8, as I was walking from one class to another, a Queens College security vehicle made a beeping noise as it approached me from behind, then pulled into a parking spot in front of me. This was the first day I had returned to my classes after my March 1 encounter, having skipped classes on March 1 because of the trauma of the experience. I had subsequent Queens College police sightings on March 29 and April 26. Having the campus police seeming to concern themselves with me makes for a closer possible connection to Cho since his police interactions were with the campus police also. Though my main interactions were with the New York City police, not the Queens College police. And Cho’s interactions with the Virginia Tech police had occurred in 2005 (128) which was prior to my 2007 general encounters. And also, when I had exited my subway station near my apartment in Manhattan the night of my March 1 encounter, an NYPD police car with its lights flashing had stopped next to my station (129) as if in allusion to my previous NYPD encounter in Queens. So here was another seeming indication, in addition to the 2 Queens College security car incidents, that I was being surveilled by the police in a conspiratorial situation.  
And in a potentially noteworthy incident, on April 16, 2007 around 1:40 p.m., around three hours after the killings had occurred, a New York “Mental Hygiene” car had pulled out as I exited West Side Stationers, a stationery store at 2620 Broadway in Manhattan, after I had gotten a public housing document notarized. For me to see a Mental Hygiene car was unusual. Cho’s mental health history turned out to be a big part of the Virginia Tech story, though this history and even Cho’s identity had not been made public at this point in time.(130) So having someone outside of Virginia Tech possibly arrange a mental health allusion to me at so early a time may be an indication of insider knowledge of the killings by someone with connections to my personal environment. I had had the March 1, 2007 encounter with the police where they tried to have me psychologically evaluated alleging that I was a danger to myself or others, but that had happened a month and a half previously. I feel that this March 1 event would be too distant in time for such an easily accomplished allusion as seemed to occur with the April 16 “Mental Hygiene” car. I believe I had taken a distant picture of the car, but the words printed on the side of the vehicle and the license plate are too grainy to read.(131) However, I’m pretty sure it is the Mental Hygiene car since it is from the right date, time and location and I also seem to remember having taken a distant picture or video of the car as it drove north on Broadway.
In Cho’s video manifesto, there were also some pictures of Cho with a hammer. Some reports say this was a possible allusion to a 2003 Korean film by Park Chan Wook called Oldboy where the protagonist is held prisoner for 20 years with no explanation given. After he is released, he gets revenge through violent acts committed with a hammer.(132) This is somewhat similar to a 2001 musical I had written called Pointless where a young woman suddenly finds herself in a mysterious world. She’s not exactly a prisoner, but she is having trouble returning to her own world and she’s not treated especially well by many of the inhabitants in this new world either. She does, however, get back to her own world eventually. In the final scene, a person who has come to her from the other world enters through a trap door in the floor and she hits him over the head with a large wooden mallet (or hammer) in a comic fashion, though she hits him to get away from him, not out of revenge.(133)
On April 5, 2007 I had also bought my first cell phone in reaction to my March 1 encounter. I wanted to be able to take more clandestine pictures of the police in the future so they wouldn’t have an excuse to approach and detain me again. I had not taken pictures of any of the people in my classes prior to the April 16 Virginia Tech killings as Cho had reportedly done, however, not feeling quite comfortable enough to do that, even though there were a number of suspects and it would be nice to have their pictures now for identification and other possible purposes.
I couldn’t find many strong connections between myself and Cho’s victims, though his first apparent victim, Emily Hilscher, was said to have a father with the same first name as me, Eric, and a sister named Erica.(134) One of the two campus police officers who had spoken to Cho about allegedly bothering a girl in an event leading up to the subsequent attempt at his involuntary commitment was also named Eric (Eric McClanahan).(135,136) And another Eric (Eric Thompson) was also the owner of the TGSCOM website that sold Cho his first gun.(137)
And in another possible Asian connection, Virginia governor Timothy M. Kaine had just arrived in his hotel room in Tokyo for the start of a two-week trade mission to Asia when his top aides told him about the Virginia Tech shootings.(138)
After the Cho killings, there have been a number of other interesting Virginia Tech-related killings. On January 21, 2009, another Asian male Virginia Tech student, Haiyang Zhu, killed a female Asian Virginia Tech student, Xin Yang, by cutting off her head with a kitchen knife. Unlike Cho, Zhu was said to be social and pleasant with many friends and no reported problems on campus,(139) though his landlord said Zhu had recently started acting strangely and belligerently.(140) Zhu had visited the Virginia Tech mental health facility, but it was not said for what purpose.(141) Zhu was also ordered by the courts to get a mental health evaluation after the killings,(142) but was found competent to stand trial.(143) There was also said to be a hammer in Zhu’s backpack that was found at the murder scene.(144) So Zhu had possible mental health and hammer aspects as with Cho and me as discussed above.
     On August 26, 2009, two Virginia Tech students, Heidi Childs and David Metzler, were apparently shot and killed at Jefferson National Forest, about 15 miles from Virginia Tech.(145) Though early reports would only say that their bodies had been found on the morning of August 27,(146) but one early report had said that they had last been heard from on the night of August 26.(147) Assuming that they had been killed on August 26, my birthday is on August 26 also. They were both said to be very religious and active in Campus Crusade for Christ at Virginia Tech. So like with some of the Columbine victims and my possible conspiracy experiences, there is a Christian connection.(148) Childs’ father was also a Virginia State Police sergeant,(149) making for a police connection as with Cho and me, but with the police being the father of the victim in the Childs-Metzler killings, not the alleged victimizer.
            Then on October 17, 2009, Morgan Dana Harrington, a Virginia Tech student, was reported missing after having left a Metallica concert in Charlottesville, Virginia. Her body was found on January 26, 2010 in a cow pasture (150) about 11 miles from the Charlottesville concert arena.(151) My last name is kind of pronounced “na-cow” and cows seem to sometimes allude to me in various media. Morgan’s brother had also recently moved to New York,(152) my city of residence. Until 2007, Morgan’s father, Daniel Harrington, a psychiatrist, had served as medical director of Carilion Saint Albans Hospital.(153) Seung Hui Cho had been temporarily detained at Carilion Saint Albans Psychiatric Hospital in Christiansburg, Virginia in December 2005 for the psychiatric evaluation.(154) I’m not sure if Cho’s Carilion Saint Albans Psychiatric Hospital is the same as Harrington’s Carilion Saint Albans Hospital or if Harrington was medical director of Carilion Saint Albans Hospital in 2005, but the hospital names are very close and Daniel Harrington seems to have had a long history of involvement with both Carilion and Virginia Tech.(155) So again, there is a possible mental health connection, but this time involving a psychiatrist whose daughter was killed rather than someone who the psychiatric profession tried to have involuntarily committed in a mental institution. So there may be a revenge element in the Daniel Harrington case with the Virginia Tech-attending daughter of a Virginia Tech-linked psychiatrist being killed in response to the unfair attempt at involuntary commitment of Cho and the killings of many Virginia Tech students that that unfair attempt may have contributed to. I also had the unfair attempt against me as discussed above.
On November 5, 2009, Virginia Tech graduate and U.S. Army psychiatrist Nidal Hasan shot and killed 13 of his fellow service members at Fort Hood, Texas. Hasan had complained sometimes about being harassed in the Army for being a Muslim and being harassed was also part of my situation, though having been harassed in some way seems not uncommon among a number of these mass killers. He had also objected to America’s wars in Iraq and Afghanistan on religious grounds and was himself about to be deployed to Afghanistan when the shootings occurred.(156) I used to write often in my blog about the U.S. wars in Iraq and sometimes Afghanistan as I’ve said before. But I had stopped blogging over two years previously at the time of the Hasan killings,(157) so although there is still a possible connection, it would seem to be much weakened.
If this was a conspiracy-related event, its significance may have come from Hasan being a psychiatrist as may have been the case with Daniel Harrington as well.(158) Both Cho and I had had the negative experiences with the psychiatric profession with the attempts at involuntary commitment as discussed above. But to focus on Cho, with Cho, both Cho and those with mental illnesses or purported mental illnesses received much negative attention with their illnesses being linked to their violent acts or potential violent acts. So by having Hasan who had graduated from the same college as Cho had attended and then who went on to become a psychiatrist who would later commit a similar mass killing may have provided a kind of balancing response to the negative backlash of Cho’s earlier killings since psychiatry is the profession that had provided the intellectual underpinnings that had linked mental illness to acts of violence, and professionals acting from a psychiatric perspective were the ones who had previously attempted to have Cho involuntarily committed. This attempt at involuntary commitment may have also played a role in the subsequent 2007 killings by establishing or enhancing feelings of persecution and alienation in Cho when faced with the very real threat of having his personal freedom taken away through involuntary commitment. Perhaps those connected to my alleged conspiracy felt that this attempt at involuntary commitment as well as the attempt to link Cho’s purported mental illness with the 2007 killings were unfair in some way. So by having Hasan’s subsequent mass killing perpetrated by a psychiatrist, perhaps a degree of doubt or caution was cast upon the validity of the psychiatric-related profession’s previous attempts and conclusions in regards to Cho and upon many people’s subsequent use of these attempts and conclusions in their own attempts and conclusions.(159)
On December 8, 2011, there was another Fort Hood and Virginia Tech-related killing when Virginia Tech police officer Deriek Crouse was shot and killed by Radford University student Ross Truett Ashley during Crouse’s routine traffic stop of another person. Crouse had formerly been in the U.S. Army and the Army Reserves. He had been stationed at Fort Hood, Texas from 1993 to 1996.(160,161) So if this was a conspiracy-related killing, then the Crouse killing might be serving as kind of counterbalance to Hasan with Crouse being a former member of the military with Fort Hood and Virginia Tech connections who was a victim of seemingly random violence versus Hasan who was a current member of the military also with Fort Hood and Virginia Tech connections, but was the perpetrator of such seemingly random violence.(162) So people with military backgrounds and Virginia Tech connections can be either perpetrator or victim of such acts, perhaps making the Crouse killing a kind of balancing response to the previous Hasan killings. Also, one report said that Ashley had much Bible knowledge (163) for a possible Christianity connection but I was unable to find any other religious connections for him, so I’m not sure how significant or reliable his alleged Bible knowledge is.
On February 7, 2014, there was another Virginia Tech-related murder when Virginia Tech student Jessica Ewing strangled and killed her friend Samanata Shrestha, another Virginia Tech student. Shrestha had planned on becoming a doctor and had done volunteer work as an EMT. A male and a female EMT-like person had been involved in my March 1, 2007 NYPD-EMT encounter, though I believe the female EMT-like may have been Latin while Shrestha was originally from Nepal, though she was said to have learned to speak Spanish. Ewing had been in Virginia Tech’s Corp of Cadets, but was dropped after someone had accused her of aggressively hazing new recruits. So there’s another military connection as with Crouse and Hasan, not to mention the military being a possible source of a conspiracy connection due to their intelligence agency-like aspects. Later that morning, after the killing, Ewing called Erika Holub who had led a Bible study group that Ewing was a part of and asked her if they could have breakfast together. Holub agreed and Ewing came to Holub’s house where they had breakfast and prayed and where Ewing also told Holub that she had killed someone who was a good person and an EMT. So someone with the female form of my name had become involved, though she was not charged with any crimes. Holub also provides a Christianity connection. Ewing also kept a journal with entries about the murder that caused the judge in her case to impose a long eighty-year prison sentence. A journal was also involved in my 2007 police-EMT encounter also, but with no incriminating evidence, at least not against me apparently. Ewing also had some books on tarot cards and the occult,(164) though I saw no connections between Ewing and Scientology which has early links to the occult through its founder L. Ron Hubbard.(165)
After the killings, another judge had ordered a psychological evaluation of Ewing who had also seen therapists in the past at a local counseling center,(166) so here is another mental health connection. And Keifer Brown, Ewing’s friend from her days in the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets who she continued seeing after her dismissal,(167) had a mother who was in the Air Force and a father who was a federal law enforcement officer.(168) So here are more military and police-like connections.
Then in 2015, there was another August 26 Virginia Tech-related killing when Virginia Tech alumnus Adam Ward and colleague Alison Parker were shot and killed on August 26, 2015 during a live television broadcast by their former WDBJ television news colleague Vester Flanagan.(169,170) Besides August 26 being my birthday as with the apparent August 26, 2009 Childs-Metzler murders, I had also been working on this present Virginia Tech Conspiracy paper off and on for the previous five months when the killings occurred. Flanagan had also been raised in the San Francisco Bay Area in Oakland.(171) I was also raised in the Bay Area, but in Walnut Creek which is around 17 miles to the northeast of Oakland.(172) Flanagan also had a list of grievances against former colleagues with some examples of indirect harassment that sounded somewhat similar to some of my examples of the same in this current Cho paper and in my previous Columbine paper,(173) though I didn’t have Flanagan’s reportedly aggressive hostile reactions.(174) Flanagan was also told to get counseling with a WDBJ counselor, and the police were called when Flanagan reacted aggressively to his firing from that station.(175) These two events seem somewhat similar to Cho’s and my experiences with attempted involuntary commitment and with the police.
When they were shot, Parker and Ward were interviewing and filming Vicki Gardner, the executive director of the Smith Mountain Lake Regional Chamber of Commerce, on the 50th anniversary of Smith Mountain Lake.(176) The interview took place near the lake which was also the location of the 1991 Bill Murray comedy “What About Bob?”(177) The film included an attempted involuntary commitment of Bob in a mental institution,(178) perhaps somewhat similar to the attempted 2005 and 2007 commitments of Cho and me. I had also previously written an unproduced 1998 musical comedy called Freaks where one of the lead characters was named Bob,(179) though that’s about the only similarity between my musical and the 1991 film outside of their both being comedies.  
 And finally, regarding a possible connection to the female version of my first name, Tropical Storm Erika was heading towards the Caribbean at the time of the WDBJ killings. At least 20 people died on the island of Dominica as a result of Erika, but its tropical storm strength dissipated before reaching Florida or even Cuba resulting in just heavy rains in those areas.(180)


1) Eric Nakao, “New Post - Columbine conspiracy theory,” The Blog of, March 10, 2015. Accessed January 4, 2016,
2) I can’t say how much Scientology was involved in the New York harassment and surveillance since Scientology wasn’t as numerous or visible as they were in the East Hollywood area of Los Angeles where I had previously lived.
3) Eric Nakao, “38-page letter (Scientology, Christians and crime: A conspiracy theory), reading version – 2004 revision,” original version written February 16, 1994, Accessed January 4, 2016,
4) Eric Nakao, “Joseph Yanny Letter,”, April 5, 1992. Accessed January 4, 2016, 
5) Virginia Tech Review Panel, Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech: April 16, 2007: Report of the Review Panel: Presented to Governor Kaine, (Commonwealth of Virginia, August 2007), 42, 44.
6) Eric Nakao, “Murder Peanuts,” YouTube, February 7, 2007. Accessed January 4, 2016
7) Eric Nakao, “Murder Peanuts,”, May 30, 2006. Accessed January 5, 2016,
8) Eric Nakao, “Pornovision: 2005 Revision,” screenplay,, originally written in 1987, then recreated from memory in 1995. Accessed January 6, 2016,; Eric Nakao, “Pornovision,” short story collection,, 1996. Accessed January 6, 2016,
9) John Riley, “Diatribes From the Murderer,” Newsday, April 19, 2007.
10) Cho’s father was also said to have worked in oil fields and construction sites in Saudi Arabia at one point. (N.R. Kleinfield, “Before Deadly Rage, a Lifetime Consumed By a Troubling Silence,” New York Times, April 22, 2007).
11) For example, see "Insurgent groups splitting from Qaeda," from April 15, 2007 and links to other Iraq postings in "Previous Posts" section in sidebar. (Eric Nakao, "Insurgent groups splitting from Qaeda," April 15, 2007, The Blog of Accessed January 6, 2016,
12) Howard Dean Lucas,Incident/Investigation Report,” re: Seung Hui Cho, Virginia Tech Police Department, Case# 05-0948, December 13, 2005, in “Legal and Mental Health Records of Seung Hui Cho,” compiled by Peter Langman, School Shooters.Info. Accessed January 6, 2016,
13) Kathy Godbey, “Temporary Detention Order,” re: Seung Hui Cho, Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services, TDO 121GM3400502020, December 13, 2007, in “Legal and Mental Health Records of Seung Hui Cho,” compiled by Peter Langman. Accessed January 6, 2016,
14) Kathy M. Godbey, “Uniform Pre-Admission Screening Form,” re: Seung Hui Cho, New River Valley Community Services, December 13, 2005, in “Legal and Mental Health Records of Seung Hui Cho,” compiled by Peter Langman. Accessed January 6, 2016,
15) Jasdeep (Bobby) Miglani, “Physical,” re: Seung Hui Cho, Carilion Health System, Account# 10654655, December 13, 2005, in “Legal and Mental Health Records of Seung Hui Cho,” compiled by Peter Langman. Accessed January 6, 2016,; Jasdeep (Bobby) Miglani, “Discharge Summary,” (Seung Hui Cho), Carilion Health System, Account# 10654655, December 14, 2005, in “Legal and Mental Health Records of Seung Hui Cho,” compiled by Peter Langman. Accessed January 6, 2016,
16) Roy Crouse, “Proceedings for Certification for Involuntary Admission to a Public or Private Licensed Mental Health Facility,” re: Seung Hui Cho, Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services (Virginia), TDO 121GM3400502020, December 14, 2007, in “Legal and Mental Health Records of Seung Hui Cho,” compiled by Peter Langman. Accessed January 6, 2016,
17) Paul M. Barnett, “Proceedings for Certification for Involuntary Admission to a Public or Private Licensed Mental Health Facility,” re: Seung Hui Cho, Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services (Virginia), TDO 121GM3400502020, December 14, 2007, in “Legal and Mental Health Records of Seung Hui Cho,” compiled by Peter Langman. Accessed January 6, 2016,
18) Virginia Tech Review Panel, Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, 43; “AC 360 - VA Tech Massacre, Roommate Interview (part 4),” Anderson Cooper 360, CNN. Accessed January 7, 2016,
19) The Virginia Tech campus police had been told of Cho’s picture taking, but an officer had said that all students had cell phones and that no laws had been broken. (Lucinda Roy. No Right To Remain Silent, New York: Three Rivers Press, 2009, 32.)
20) Eric Nakao, “Transcript and commentary of Audio Recording of March 1, 2007 Eric Nakao-NYPD-FDNY Encounter,” The Blog of Accessed January 7, 2016,  
21) I’ve also posted the pictures and a video of the one or two NYPD police cars and the NYPD Traffic Enforcement car on my blog. (Eric Nakao, "Photos referred to in my 'Transcript and commentary of 'Audio Recording of March 1, 2007 Eric Nakao-NYPD-FDNY Encounter' blog posting and/or my 'Virginia Tech conspiracy theory' blog posting." Accessed January 7, 2016,
22) Virginia Tech Review Panel, Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, 24.
23) Ned Potter, David Schoetz, Richard Esposito, et al., “Killer's Note: 'You Caused Me to Do This,'” ABC News, April 17, 2007; Adam Lisberg and Helen Kennedy, “Everyone Feared He’d Snap. Loner Fit Psycho-Killer Profile, Wrote of Chain Saws & Rape,” Daily News, April 18, 2007.
24) Virginia Tech Review Panel, Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, 24.
25) Ibid, 41-52.
26) Ibid, 34-36.
27) Cho’s reportedly bought the second gun, a Glock, and ammunition for the Glock, on March 13, 2007 from Roanoke Firearms, a brick and mortar store (there is a 30-day waiting period in Virginia before people are allowed to buy another gun) and went to practice at PSS Range and Training, a firing range, on March 22. Cho was also reported to have ordered ammunition for the Walther on ebay on the same March 22 date and to have videotaped segments of his manifesto against his perceived enemies on March 22, April 8 and April 10. (N. R. Kleinfield. “Before Deadly Rage, A Lifetime Consumed By a Troubling Silence,” New York Times, April 22, 2007.)
These video segments were perhaps the closest indications that Cho had bought the guns in order to commit the subsequent killings. Also, Cho’s reported buying of ammunition for the Walther on March 22, 2007 would seem to indicate that he already had the Walther much sooner than a week before the killings like a couple of early reports had said he had done.
28) New York Code – Article 9: Hospitalization of the Mentally Ill, Section 9.41.
29) “MHL Admissions Process Chart,” October 10, 2003, in Chapter 6, MHL, CL, and CPL Commitments and Examinations: Procedures. Mental Hygiene Law – Admissions Process, in Mental Health Resource Handbook, (New York State Office of Mental Health), 6-3 and 6-4. 
30) New York Code – Article 9: Hospitalization of the Mentally Ill, Sections 9.39 and 9.41. 
31) “MHL Admissions Process Chart,” in Mental Health Resource Handbook, 6-3 and 6-4. 
32) Gonzalez v. State of New York, 110 AD 2d 810, 811-812, (NY: Appellate Div. 1985).
33) Higgins v. City of Oneonta, 208 AD 2d 1067, 1069, (NY: Appellate Div. 1994).
34) People v. Yaniak, 190 Misc. 2d 84, 87, (NY: County Court 2001).
35) Schaller v. County of Suffolk, 2008 NY Slip Op 31699, (NY: Supreme Court 2008).
36) The incident in question in Schaller occurred in 2004 (Schaller v. County of Suffolk).
37) Eric Nakao, “38-Page Letter: Reading Version – 2004 Revision.” 
38) National Center for Victims of Crime, “Creating an Effective Stalking Protocol,” (monograph, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice, April 2002), 36-37. Accessed January 7, 2016,
39) Ibid., 46.
40) Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 21-23 (1968).
41) People v. De Bour, 40 NY 2d 210, 216, (NY: Court of Appeals 1976).
42) Robert D. McFadden, “Police Given Rules On Dealing With News Media Members,” New York Times, January 22, 1984.
43) Smith v. City of Cumming. 212 F. 3d 1332, 1334, (11th Cir. 2000).
44) Robinson v. Fetterman. 378 F. Supp. 2d 534, 542, (E.D. Penn. 2005).
45) Kevin Geary. Rights, Cameras, Action! Recording the Police: The Gap Between Modern Technology and the Law, and Why the United States Should Not Follow the United Kingdom’s Lead. Wisconsin International Law Journal, Spring 2014.
46) Daniel Moreau. Schumer Seeks A Full Review Of Iran Mission, The New York Sun, July 1, 2004.
47) 18 U.S.C. § 793 – Gathering, Transmitting or Losing Defense Information.
48) Terry v. Ohio, at 28.
49) Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial Dist. Court of Nev., Humboldt Cty., 542 U.S. 177, 186, (2004).
50) People v. Packer, 49 A.D.3d 184, 190-191 (NY: Appellate Div., 1st Dept. 2008).
51) Cases at the appellate level usually concern events that occurred a year or two earlier, so since Packer was decided in January 2008 at the appellate level, the event probably occurred prior to my March 2007 encounter, making Packer relevant to my case despite the decision being given after my encounter. Or at least its arguments would appear to be relevant.
52) Preston v. United States, 376 U.S. 364, 368 (1964).
53) Dunaway v. New York, 442 U.S. 200 (1979); Brown v. Illinois, 422 U.S. 590 (1975).
54) Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 354-357 (1967).
55) Preston v. United States, at 368.
56) McFadden, “Police Given Rules On Dealing With News Media Members;” Smith v. City of Cumming, at 1334; Robinson v. Fetterman, at 534, 542.
57) Schmerber v. California. 384 U.S. 757, 770-771 (1966).
58) New York State does not have a similar law against such recordings.
59) Skoog v. County of Clackamas, 469 F. 3d 1221, 1226-1227, (9th Cir. 2006).
60) Ibid., at 1227.
61) Eric Nakao, “38-page letter (Scientology, Christians and crime: A conspiracy theory), reading version – 2004 revision,” original version written February 16, 1994.
62) Douglas Kellner, “Media Spectacle and the ‘Massacre at Virginia Tech,’” in There is a Gunman on Campus: Tragedy and Terror at Virginia Tech, ed. Ben Agger and Timothy W. Luke, (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2008), 45-46; George Rush and Joanna Rush Molloy, “Critics: Scientologists’ Va. Trip: A Time to Prey,” Daily News, April 18, 2007.
63) The way the Cho event played out didn’t really seem to serve Scientology’s anti-psychiatry aspects either. (Katharine Mieszkowski, “Scientology’s War on Psychiatry,”, July 1, 2005). Though Cho had taken psychotropic drugs for one year while he was in middle school and was given a single dose of an anti-anxiety medication while being evaluated in a mental hospital in 2005, I could find no report that tried to connect Cho’s use of psychotropic drugs and the 2007 killings outside of Scientology’s early attempt mentioned previously. In fact, Cho’s use of psychotropic drugs for about a year in middle school was said to have had a positive effect on him. (Virginia Tech Review Panel, Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, 35, 47).
64) Robert W. Welkos, “On the Offensive Against an Array of Suspected Foes: Attack the Attacker,” Los Angeles Times, June 29, 1990; 24___________________________________________“Scientologists Lead Way in Crime Fight Gangs: Neighbors Have Joined Members of the Church of Scientology in an East Hollywood Crime Watch Group and Anti-Graffiti Brigade,” Los Angeles Times, June 24, 1990; Laurie Goodstein, “Sponsor of Drug-Free Rally Catches Some Unawares: Cabinet Member Says He Didn’t Know of Scientology Link, but Backs Event’s Goal for Youth,” Washington Post, August 10, 1993; George Rush and Joanna Molloy, “Scientologists Say This Crusade’s By the Book,” Daily News (New York), June 10, 1996; Heather Stewart Jorden, “Charity Scorecard,” Los Angeles Times, January 5, 1999; Robin Fields and Stuart Pfeifer, “A Quirky Sheriff Who's on the Move, Out in Front and Feeling Some Heat; As L.A. County's Top Cop for Seven Years, Lee Baca Has Endeared Himself To His Base and Alienated Detractors with His Offbeat Style of Policing,” Los Angeles Times, May 7, 2006; "Local Chapter of 'Foundation for a Drug-Free World' Invites Parents, Teachers and the Youth of Santa Barbara County to Participate in an Open Dialog About Drug Use in Our Community; Volunteer-Run Non-Profit Plans to Distribute 5,000 Copies by Year's End of 'The Truth About Drugs Education Kit'," Internet Wire, October 29, 2007; "Church of Scientology Inglewood Hosts Truth About Drugs Seminar," PRWeb Newswire, January 30, 2013; "Foundation For A Drug-Free World Honors NY Community Leaders As 'Drug-Free Heroes'; International Foundation Launches 'Truth About Synthetic Drugs' Campaign at 8th Annual Drug-Free Heroes Awards Gala," M2 Presswire, June 15, 2015. ____________________________________________ Robert W. Welkos, ___________________________, November 15, 1990; ________________________
65) “Churches of Scientology, United States of America,” Accessed January 7, 2016,
66) Laurie Goodstein, “Sponsor of Drug-Free Rally Catches Some Unawares.”
67) David Cho and Amy Gardner, “An Isolated Boy in a World of Strangers; Cho's Behavior Alarmed Some Who Knew Him; Family 'Humbled by This Darkness,'” Washington Post, April 21, 2007.
68) Office of University Relations (Virginia Tech), “Capt. Flinchum Named Chief of Police and Director of Campus Security,” Virginia Tech News, December 12, 2006 Accessed January 7, 2016,
69) Federal Bureau of Investigation, “National Academy.” Accessed January 7, 2016,
70) David L. Carter, “Law Enforcement Intelligence: A Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies,” U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, November 2004, 116. Accessed January 7, 2016,
71) Federal Bureau of Investigation, “Intelligence Overview.” Accessed January 11, 2016,
72) Federal Bureau of Investigation, “Local FBI Offices.” Accessed January 11, 2016,
73) Federal Bureau of Investigation, “Legal Attaché Offices.” Accessed January 11, 2016,
74) Office of University Relations (Virginia Tech), “Capt. Flinchum Named Chief of Police and Director of Campus Security,” December 12, 2006. Accessed Accessed January 11, 2016,
75) Office of University Relations (Virginia Tech), “Police Chief Elected to Virginia Association of Chiefs of Police Board,” Virginia Tech News, August 27, 2004. Accessed January 11, 2016,
76) Virginia Tech Police Department, “Department History,” Virginia Tech. Accessed January 11, 2016,
77) Federal Bureau of Investigation, “Office of Law Enforcement Coordination - Overview.” Accessed January 11, 2016,
78) David L. Carter, “Law Enforcement Intelligence: A Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies,” 130-131, 2009. Accessed January 11, 2016,
79) Ibid., 136-137.
80) Karen DeYoung, “g____________________________________________In Arizona, Officials Share Data the Old-Fashioned Way,” Washington Post, August 9, 2006; Karen DeYoung, “g____________________________________________A Fight Against Terrorism – And Disorganization,” Washington Post, August 9, 2006; Michael Martz, “Virginia Asks Lawmakers to Fund Security; Help of Va. Members of Congress Sought in Paying for Projects,” Richmond Times Dispatch, July 8, 2006; William J. Lahneman, ___________________________________________, “Ready? Or Not?; Perspectives on Preparedness Five Years After Sept. 11,” Washington Post, September 10, 2006; Mary Beth Sheridan and Spencer S. Hsu, “Localities Operate Intelligence Centers To Pool Terror Data; 'Fusion' Facilities Raise Privacy Worries As Wide Range of Information Is Collected,” Washington Post, December 31, 2006.
81) Also, since 1995, the Virginia Tech Police Department had received National Accreditation through the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) which allowed it national recognition as a full-service, professional department. (Virginia Tech Police Department, “Department History.”) Among many standards listed in a 2010 version of the CALEA standards are those for criminal intelligence, covert operations and special operations, though I’m not sure if the VTPD had to meet any of those standards since participants only have to meet the standards that apply to them. (“Appendix H: CALEA Law Enforcement Agency Standards,” Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies, 2010. Accessed January 11, 2016,; Virginia Tech Police Department, “National Accreditation,” Accessed January 11, 2016,
82) Kirit Radia and Ariane Devogue. “Va. Tech Shooter's Sister Works With State Department,” ABC News, April 17, 2007.
83) “DynCorp International and McNeil Technologies JV Awarded $4.6 Billion Army Linguistic Services,” DynCorp International, Business Wire, December 18, 2006. Accessed January 11, 2016,
84) Renae Merle, “MZM's Trump Cards: Contracts, Clearances; Veritas Buyout Shows Value of the Two,” Washington Post, August 19, 2005.
85) Virginia Tech Review Panel, Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, 21.
86) David Cho and Amy Gardner, “An Isolated Boy in a World of Strangers; Cho's Behavior Alarmed Some Who Knew Him; Family 'Humbled by This Darkness,'” Washington Post, April 21, 2007.
87) “Fairfax County Overview” (map), Fairfax County Virginia. Accessed January 11, 2016,
88) Manny Fernandez and Marc Santora, “In Words and Silence, Hints of Anger and Isolation,” New York Times, April 18, 2007.
89) Central Intelligence Agency, “About CIA - FAQs.” Accessed January 11, 2016,; Google Maps, "McLean, VA." Accessed January 11, 2016. 
90) Federal Bureau of Investigation, “Contact FBI Headquarters.” Accessed Accessed January 11, 2016,
91) Defense Intelligence Agency, “Locations." Accessed January 11, 2016,
92) Victoria Murphy, “Spook Valley,” Forbes, December 10, 2001.
93) Amy Gardner and David Cho, “Isolation Defined Cho's Senior Year: Beseeched by Mother, N.Va. Church Offered to Purge 'Demonic Power,'” Washington Post, May 6, 2007.
94) “Photo Release - Northrop Grumman Breaks Ground for Building Expansion in Chantilly, Va,” Northrop Grumman, August 5, 2004. Accessed January 11, 2016,
95) National Reconnaissance Office, “About the NRO,” (click "About NRO" link in sidebar). Accessed January 11, 2016,
96) U.S. Army, "U.S. Army Aviation & Missile Research Development and Engineering Center." Accessed January 11, 2016,
97) Fairfax County Public Schools, “School Profiles – Westfield HS,” last updated July 28, 2015. Accessed January 11, 2016, (For a religious connection, it also lists a partnership with the Centreville Presbyterian Church though there is also no indication that that church has any intelligence agency connections.)
98) U.S. v. Masoud Khan, et al., 309 F. Supp. 2d 789, 804 (E.D. Va. 2004).
99) Equitas brought up a possible connection between Cho and Yong Ki Kwon, a naturalized American citizen originally from South Korea who had converted to Islam and had attended Virginia Tech a few years before Cho. Kwon had been convicted in 2003 with ten other people for conspiracy and weapons charges stemming from a 2001 violation of the federal Neutrality Act forbidding Americans from engaging in violent conflict against America’s allies. Kwon’s group had had military training with a jihadist group in Pakistan and had intended to join in their war against America’s ally, India, over the contested Kashmir region. Equitas suggested a possible connection to Cho because, among other reasons, they were both originally from South Korea and both had attended Virginia Tech. I’ve seen no evidence of a connection between Cho and Kwon or anyone else from Kwon’s group in the sources I’ve looked at, however. And since Kwon and Cho’s attendances at Virginia Tech were several years apart, it seems unlikely that they could have met at the school. I suppose it’s possible that someone who knew Kwon was still attending Virginia Tech when Cho was there, but I’ve seen no reports of this.
But looking at it from another angle, since Cho began attending Virginia Tech in 2003, the same year that the trials of the jihad members also began, it is still possible that national security and intelligence agencies might have had a continuing interest in Virginia Tech while Cho was an early student there. So if Cho had attracted any interest from these agencies because of his and Kwon’s shared ethnicity, despite the apparent irrelevance of their shared ethnicity, but given the apparent use of ethnic profiling by some government agencies, this could have been another way that Cho could have come under the radar of these intelligence-type agencies for possible future activity. (Jennifer Lin, Mark Fazlollah, Maria Panaritis and Jeff Shields, “Tracing the Case of 'Virginia Jihad': Terror Charges Link Montco to Kashmir,” Philadelphia Inquirer, July 25, 2003; Mary Beth Sheridan, Caryle Murphy and Jerry Markon. “Va. 'Jihad' Suspects: 11 Men, Two Views; U.S. Sees Conspiracy; They Proclaim Piety,” Washington Post, August 8, 2003; U.S. v. Masoud Khan, et al., 309 F. Supp. 2d 789, 804 (ED Va. 2004); Debra Erdley, “Witness Testifies Against Al-Timimi,” Pittsburgh Tribune Review, April 10, 2005; Seung Hui Cho, “Manifesto.” Accessed December , 2015,; Virginia Tech Review Panel, Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, 22)
100) Greg Jordan, “Strong Hokie Nation Looks Toward Future,” Bluefield Daily Telegraph, April 16, 2008.
101) “Q&A On the News,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, April 27, 2007.
102) “Getting Ready, on Many Fronts,” Washington Post, February 27, 2003.
103) “Network World. Military Research Aims to Develop Self-Configuring, Secure Wireless Nets; Researchers Develop Military-Grade Intelligent Wireless Net,” Network World, August 16, 2006.
104) Eric Nakao. “Murder Peanuts,” YouTube, February 7, 2007. 
105) Eric Nakao, “Andrea Parhamovich, NDI Worker Killed in Baghdad,” The Blog of Musicals and, January 20, 2007. Accessed January 12, 2016,
106) Joe Milicia, ‘Ohio Woman Killed in Iraq Described as Ambitious, Friendly,” Associated Press, January 18, 2007; “Canada-U.S. Power System Outage Task Force. Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada,” April 2004; “Blackout Was Preventable, Probe Finds,” CNN, May 18, 2004.
107) “Implications of Power Blackouts for the Nation’s Cybersecurity and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Joint Hearing of the Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Science, and Research and Development and the Subcommittee on Infrastructure and Border Security of the Select Committee on Homeland Security, House of Representatives,” 108th Congress, September 4, 2003 and September 23, 2003. Accessed January 12, 2016,
108) Associated Press, “Community Remembers Woman Killed in Iraq,” January 18, 2007.
109) Mark Tuscano, “Family Wants Time to Heal,”, January 20, 2007.
110) “The War Comes Home to Air America,” Huffington Post, January 19, 2007; “Family of Slain Perry Activist Hold Presser, Issues Statement,”, January 19, 2007.
111) Michael Hastings, I Lost My Love In Baghdad, (New York: Scribner, 2008), 38, 72.
112) Associated Press, “Community Remembers Woman Killed in Iraq;” Ryan Zundell, “Closing Time,” Thoughts from the End of the Alphabet, January 18, 2007. (no longer accessible); David S. Glasier. “Best Friend Appreciates Time Spent with Andi,”, January 23, 2007; David S. Glasier, “Andi’s Journey,”, January 29, 2007.
113) “Cold Mountain (2003),” Accessed  January 12, 2016,
114) Lori Reese, “Read Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman’s Divorce Papers,” Entertainment Weekly, February 16, 2001.
115) “Giovanni Ribisi, Biography,” Accessed January 12, 2016,
116) Hastings, I Lost My Love In Baghdad, 199, 223-224.
117) NDI is a non-profit organization sponsored by the U.S. Department of State and private donations which promotes democracy overseas. (Hastings, I Lost My Love In Baghdad, 133).
118), “Does Scientology Believe in Reincarnation or Past Lives?” Accessed January 12, 2016,
119), “What Is Meant By Operating Thetan (OT)?, How Would You Describe the State of Operating Thetan?” Accessed January 12, 2016,
120) Hastings, I Lost My Love In Baghdad, 33.
121) Ibid., 199.
122) Ibid., 234.
123) Tim Dickinson. “Michael Hastings, ‘Rolling Stone’ Contributor, Dead at 33,” Rolling Stone, June 18, 2013.
124) Hastings, I Lost My Love In Baghdad, 10.
125) James A. Blaess, “The Roles of MI NCOs in the 75th Ranger Regiment,” Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin.” Accessed January 12, 2016,
126) Hastings, I Lost My Love In Baghdad, 11.
127) Virginia Tech Review Panel, Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, 22.
128) Ibid., 22-23.
129) I was able to take a picture and videos of this police car which I’ve posted on my blog. (Eric Nakao, "11) March 1, 2007, 8:45 p.m." in "Photos referred to in my 'Transcript and commentary of 'Audio Recording of March 1, 2007 Eric Nakao-NYPD-FDNY Encounter' blog posting and/or my 'Virginia Tech Conspiracy Theory' blog posting," January 1, 2016. Accessed January 12, 2016, Nakao, "NYPD Police Car with Lights Flashing," December 31, 2015. Accessed January 12, 2016,; Eric Nakao, "NYPD Police Car Lights Still Flashing & Number." December 31, 2015. Accessed January 12, 2016, I was also able to take a video and pictures of the police and traffic enforcement cars from my police-EMT-like encounter and a few other pictures which I’ve posted on my blog as well. (Eric Nakao, "NYPD Traffic Enforcement and Police Cars." December 31, 2015. Accessed January 12, 2016, Nakao, "Photos referred to in my 'Transcript and commentary of 'Audio Recording of March 1, 2007 Eric Nakao-NYPD-FDNY Encounter' blog posting and/or my 'Virginia Tech Conspiracy Theory' blog posting." Accessed January 12, 2016, I did not take any pictures of the Queens College security cars, however, not feeling quite comfortable enough about taking pictures of them on campus at that point.
130) Virginia Tech Review Panel, Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech29.
131) Eric Nakao, "12) April 16, 2007, 2:39 p.m.," in "Photos referred to in my 'Transcript and commentary of 'Audio Recording of March 1, 2007 Eric Nakao-NYPD-FDNY Encounter' blog posting and/or my 'Virginia Tech Conspiracy Theory' blog posting."Accessed January 12, 2016,
132) Stephen Hunter, “Cinematic Clues to Understand the Slaughter; Did Asian Thrillers Like 'Oldboy' Influence the Va. Tech Shooter?” Washington Post, April 20, 2007.
133) Eric Nakao, “Pointless,”, 2001. Accessed January 13, 2016,
134) Rex Bowman, “Virginia Tech Graduation; Tears Mix with Joy as Victims Are Honored,” Richmond Times Dispatch, May 13, 2007.
135) Eric G. McClanahan, “Incident/Investigation Report (Seung Hui Cho),” Virginia Tech Police Department, December 12, 2005. Accessed January 13, 2016,
136) Also, in August 2006, William Morva had shot and killed another Eric, Deputy Sheriff Eric Sutphin, and a hospital security guard, Derrick McFarland, near Virginia Tech. (Roy, No Right To Remain Silent, 18.)
137) Associated Press, “For Online Gun Dealer, a Stunning Coincidence,” posted February 16, 2008 on Richmond Times Dispatch.
138) Tim Craig, “Crisis Management Skills May Shape Political Future,” Washington Post, April 20, 2007.
139) Brigid Schulte and Theresa Vargas, “Inexplicable Violence Again Shakes Va. Tech,” Washington Post, January 23, 2009.
140) Rex Bowman, “Suspect's Behavior Recalled as Bizarre; Apartment Managers Say Police, Tech Were Told,” Richmond Times Dispatch (Virginia), January 23, 2009.
141) “Tech Suspect Visited Counseling Center; Investigators Have His Patient Records, Court Records Show,” Richmond Times Dispatch (Virginia), January 30, 2009.
142) “Tech Slaying Suspect To Get Mental Exam,” Richmond Times Dispatch (Virginia), February 19, 2009.
143) “News Near You,” Richmond Times Dispatch (Virginia), May 22, 2009. 
144) “Witness Describes Tech Attack; Café Worker Testifies that Zhu Had 'Blank' Look As He Beheaded Another Student,” Richmond Times Dispatch (Virginia), May 30, 2009. 
145) Bryan Gentry, “Father of Slain Teen Pleads for Clues,” News & Advance, October 27, 2009; Carrie J. Sidener, “Central Virginia's Unsolved Homicides,” News & Advance, August 28, 2011; “The Childs and Metzler Murders: Five Years Later,” Collegiate Times, August 27, 2014.
146) Mark Viera and Maria Glod, “Va. Tech in Mourning, This Time for Couple Slain Off Campus,” Washington Post, August 30, 2009; Dave Thompson, “Nine-Group Task Force to Centralize Efforts in Probe of Tech Slayings,” News & Advance, September 12, 2009.
147) Mark Viera and Maria Glod, “Va. Tech in Mourning, This Time for Couple Slain Off Campus.”
148) Eric Nakao, “New Post - Columbine conspiracy theory.”
149) Mark Viera and Maria Glod, “Va. Tech in Mourning, This Time for Couple Slain Off Campus.”
150) Ted Strong, “Police: Harrington's Killer Familiar with Rural Albemarle,” Daily Progress, February 5, 2010.
151) Ted Strong and Bill McKelway, “Body Thought To Be Tech Student's; Harrington's Death Probably Homicide, Police Say,” Media General News Service Times, January 27, 2010.
152) Ted Strong, “Missing Woman May Have Hitchhiked,” Daily Progress, November 14, 2009.
153) Catherine Doss, “Daniel Harrington Named Vice Dean of the Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine,” (press release), Virginia Tech News, February 27, 2015. Accessed January 13, 2016,
154) Virginia Tech Review Panel, Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, 23.
155) In 1990, Daniel Harrington was appointed associate program director of the developing psychiatric medicine residency at Carilion Clinic in Roanoke, Virginia. In 2004, he was actively involved in the early development of the Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine. [“Daniel P. Harrington, Senior Dean for Academic Affairs,” Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine and Research Institute. (No longer accessible)]. Until 2007, he served as medical director of Carilion Behavioral Health and Carilion Medical Center’s Psychiatric Services as well as of Carilion Saint Albans Hospital. (Catherine Doss, “Daniel Harrington Named Vice Dean of the Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine.”) According to a 2009 article, he was also an associate dean at the Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine. (Maria Glod, “Parents Appeal for Help in Search for Missing Daughter; ‘It's Like She Just Fell Off the Face of the Earth,’ Student's Father Says,” Washington Post, November 6, 2009.)
156) James C. McKinley Jr. and James Dao, “After Years of Growing Tensions, 7 Minutes of Bloodshed.”
157) Eric Nakao, “Hiatus,” The Blog of, May 26, 2007. Accessed January 14, 2016,
158) Though Hasan had attended Virginia Tech, he did not become a psychiatrist there, so he was apparently not in any of the psychiatric programs that Daniel Harrington had helped develop there. Hasan had graduated from Virginia Tech with a degree in biochemistry in 1995, then enlisted in the Army after graduating. He was commissioned in 1997 and went to the medical school at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences in Bethesda, Maryland, then in 2003 did his internship and residency in psychiatry at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. (James C. McKinley Jr. and James Dao, “After Years of Growing Tensions, 7 Minutes of Bloodshed,” New York Times, November 9, 2009.)
159) I suppose that this interpretation could also serve Scientology’s purposes since they also question the validity of many of psychiatry’s conclusions and the potential harmful effects of many of their practices. (Katharine Mieszkowski, “Scientology’s War on Psychiatry”).
160)“‘I Just Need to Know You’re OK’: The Final Heartbreaking Text by Wife of Virginia Tech Police Officer After He Was Shot Dead,” December 11, 2011. Accessed January 14, 2016,
161) After Fort Hood, Crouse was with the 316th Sustainment Command in Galax, Virginia through 2001, then deployed to Iraq in 2004 before becoming a Virginia Tech police officer in October 2007. Crouse and Hasan were not at Fort Hood at the same time since Crouse was there from 1993 to 1996 while Nidal Hasan had been transferred to Fort Hood in July 2009. I believe that Crouse was a police officer at Virginia Tech when the Hasan-Fort Hood killings occurred in 2009, however, since Crouse had been working at Virginia Tech since 2007. Both Crouse and Hasan faced the prospect of being deployed to an American war zone in the Middle East, Iraq in Crouse’s case and Afghanistan in Hasan’s, though Crouse actually went while Hasan did not and the prospect of deployment was said to perhaps have been a factor in Hasan’s subsequent killings. (“‘Just Need to Know You’re OK’: The Final Heartbreaking Text by Wife of Virginia Tech Police Officer After He Was Shot Dead;” Dana Priest, “Fort Hood Suspect Warned of Threats Within the Ranks; Cited Stress Facing Muslims Hasan Spoke at Walter Reed in 2007,” Washington Post, November 10, 2009.)
162) At least Hasan’s violent reaction seemed much out of proportion to his various grievances. His choice of seemingly innocent victims seemed somewhat random also.
163)“‘Just Need to Know You’re OK’: The Final Heartbreaking Text by Wife of Virginia Tech Police Officer After He Was Shot Dead.”
164) Ada Calhoun, “How a Dinner Between 2 Virginia Tech Students Ended in Murder,”, June 2, 2015. Accessed January 14, 2016,; “Summary of Facts – Jessica Michelle Ewing,” Commonwealth’s Exhibit 41.” Accessed January 14, 2016,; Jacob Demmitt, “Witness Testifies that Ewing Confessed to Blacksburg Killing: Erika Holub Testified Thursday that Jessica Michelle Ewing Told Her She ‘Gave In To Hatred,’” Roanoke Times, June 19, 2014.
165) Ortega, Tony, “Scientology and the Occult: Hugh Urban’s New Exploration of L. Ron Hubbard and Aleister Crowley,” Village Voice, February 22, 2012. Accessed January 14, 2016,
166) Ada Calhoun, “How a Dinner Between 2 Virginia Tech Students Ended in Murder;” “Crime and Police News for Wednesday, Aug. 6,” Richmond Times Dispatch (Virginia), August 6, 2014.
167) “Summary of Facts – Jessica Michelle Ewing,” Commonwealth’s Exhibit 41. 
168) Brown had been charged with being an accessory after the fact by helping Ewing dispose of evidence. (Melissa Powell, “Bond Hearing Produces More Details in Samanata Shrestha Case,” Roanoke Times, February 24, 2014.)
169) John Woodrow Cox, Dana Hedgpeth, and Justin Jouvenal, “Embittered Ex-Colleague Kills 2 on TV,” Washington Post, August 27, 2015; Beth Macy, “When the Bad News Is Your News,” New York Times, August 30, 2015.
170) Ward was a student at Virginia Tech when Cho’s 2007 killings occurred. (Beth Macy, “When the Bad News Is Your News.”)
171) Chris De Benedetti, Harry Harris and Rachel Raskin-Zrihen, “Suspect in Virginia On-Air Shootings Grew Up in Bay Area, Attended Oakland Schools,” Contra Costa Times, Bay Area New Group, August 26, 2015.
172), “Walnut Creek, CA, United States to Oakland, CA, United States,” Accessed January 14, 2016,
173) Eric Nakao, “New Post - Columbine conspiracy theory.” 
174) John Woodrow Cox, et al, “Embittered Ex-Colleague Kills 2 on TV.”
175) Ibid.
176) Michael D. Shear, Richard Perez-Pena, and Alan Blinder, “Gunman Kills 2 on Air and Posts Carnage Online,” New York Times, August 30, 2015.
177) Beth Macy, “When the Bad News Is Your News.”
178) Wikipedia, "What About Bob?," Accessed January 14, 2016,
179) Eric Nakao, “Freaks,” 1998. Accessed January 14, 2016,
180) Beth Macy, “When the Bad News Is Your News;” Doyle Rice, “Tropical Storm Erika Heads for Caribbean, Florida,” USA Today, August 26, 2015;, “Tropical Storm Erika Recap,” August 29, 2015. Accessed January 14, 2016,
Posted: January 3, 2016, 9:58 p.m., et
Latest update: January 14, 2016, 11:16 p.m., et

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